...and then there was a backup server
Posted on Mon 12 February 2018 in Side Activities
Updated on Fri 10 Mar 2023
In my last post, I covered the events that lead to my data loss scare. Faulty, untested, backups will bite you every time. The question is just, "when will it happen?". By mid-to-late January (three months later), I'd gotten everything back from SERT Data Recovery and was happy that everything was recovered. It was time to finally build that huge NAS.
A NAS for a home backup solution could be something as simple as a prebuilt device with a couple hard drives. I'm a bit of a geek and have a lot of digital data, not to mention family pictures, years worth of programs I've written, and a digital music and movie collection. I'm a digital pack rat, but a well organized digital pack rat. I also wanted to get more out of this server than "plug the device into the router". I ran game servers for Vipers for five years. I did a little bit of server work at Caterpillar. I've toyed with server virtual machines off and on for testing various packages and software over the years. Through all of this, though, I've never had a server in the house that I could use to run some of my scripts on. Those always ran on my desktop because it was always on. This server was going to change that.
I had several goals when building this thing:
- Have more storage space than I needed for several years. I didn't want to rebuild this in 18 months because I was bad at planning. Years ago when I built my computer for college, I stuck two 120 gigabyte hard drives in the machine and thought I'd never fill that. When I came home that first summer, I already had to upgrade hard drives because I was low on space.
- Run a server version of Linux. I don't want to buy a license for a Microsoft server product and my Microsoft Academic Licenses expired a while ago. During my time with Vipers, I used a Red Hat variant of Linux. At Caterpillar we used Ubuntu.
- Utilize ZFS for protection against data corruption. This combined with my more recent usage of Ubuntu lead me to decide on using Ubuntu Server for the operating system. At the time of this post, I'll be using the 16.04 LTS version. I'll continue to upgrade to future LTS versions.
- Back up data from all devices in the house automatically. As camera phones have gotten better, we've found that we carry our bulky digital camera less and less. The problem with the phone camera is that we need to get the pictures to the computer. I don't want to hunt down a data cable or email the pictures to myself. I'm also not a fan of posting everything to social media. I want my phone to send the pictures to a backup location automatically.
- Host my personal git repositories and personal projects.
- Be able to stream music and movies to other devices on the network.
Now that I've decided my goals, it was time to pick out hardware. The biggest decision was to determine how much storage space I'd be getting. The idea was that hard drives would be the majority of the cost of this machine. In the end, I went with the following hardware:
- Rosewell 4U server chasis. It's rack mountable for the future when I can convince myself that a server rack in the basement is a thing I want to spend money on and haul around.
- Supermicro MBD-X11SSM-F-O Micro AT server motherboard (LGA 1151)
- Intel Xeon E3-1230 V5 3.4 Ghz processor
- 2x Supermicro certified MEM-DR416L-SL01-EU21 16 GB DDR4-2133 ECC server memory. Take careful note of that model. I originally ordered MEM-DR416L-SL01-ER21 (notice the single "R" to "U" character difference). The motherboard did not like the ER21 at all.
- EVGA 650 power supply (I've been really happy with EVGA power supplies on my last 4 machine builds).
- 1x Western Digital Blue 1 terabyte SSD (for the operating system and other applications)
- 7x Western Digital Red 4 terabyte hard drives (for all the data)
- Enough SATA cables for all 8 drives
I'll be running ZFS in RAIDZ2 (dual parity). This means with 7 drives, two will be effectively parity drives. I'll have a total of 20 terabytes, minus formatting, for data. After formatting this comes down to a little over 16 terabytes of usable space. Considering that the rest of the household has a combined 5 terabytes, if I use up every available bit, I'm hoping that 16 will last me a while.
I went with the Supermicro board based on a recommendation from a friend. Supermicro's site is really good. It has tested compatible hardware lists and, it turns out, a knowledgeable person behind their online store's chat feature. The problem that I ran into when building this machine is that the compatible RAM was really hard to find. I didn't realize that and ordered the mother board in my first batch of components. When I finally went to look for RAM, I failed to notice a single character difference between the EU21 version that I needed and the ER21 version that I ordered first.
I assembled the machine, plugged everything in, and turned on the new server. Then it beeped at me. A lot. After some troubleshooting, re-seating the RAM and finally realizing that I ordered the wrong stuff, I exchanged what I ordered with what I needed. The EU21 RAM worked perfectly.
The hardware is assembled. Ubuntu 16.04 Server has been installed. The next step is configuring the server to be the backup solution for the entire house and meeting my other goals. I'll have a few more posts in this series on how I accomplished those goals. Stay tuned!
Note: The link to SERT Data Recovery was removed in March of 2023 because it failed multiple link checks with multiple errors. While I am still very happy with the work they performed in 2018, as of 2023 I don't feel comfortable linking to a site that continues to fail basic SSL certificate checks and forces browsers to warn users against visiting the site.